Know the 4 Stages of Child Development

child development stages

Child development stages are basically the logical milestones of child development, and some of these are claimed to be timeless, almost unalterable, as long as human beings exist. The stages can be categorized into four: infancy, early childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Some developmental diseases and abnormalities are also included in the stages. These include autism, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy, Fragile X syndrome, and many others.

An Overview

A woman sitting at a table using a laptop

Infancy refers to the periods between birth and the first birthday. During this stage, the child development stages of mental and physical development occur. During this time, the child will not be aware of his/her surroundings and does not interact with others. The primary aim of the baby during this stage is to acquire survival skills and acquire language development.

Early Childhood refers to the years between birth and the second birthday. During this age, the child development stages of physical and mental development occur. At this age, every child experiences a variety of emotional and behavioral problems that will be faced up to later in their lives. During this stage, parents need to make sure that their children have all the basic needs met such as adequate food and clothing, education, medical attention, socialization, and development of personal hygiene. They also need to make sure that their children have positive interactions with other people.


A person sitting on a bed

Adolescence refers to the final and most significant period in every child’s life. During this stage, every child experiences significant changes and grows into adults. During adolescence, children grow out of their childhood state and begin to experience new roles and develop new interests. During adolescence, children grow out of their primary roles such as family members and care givers, and they start to engage themselves more with activities such as sports, exploring the outside world, and having sex.

These stages are also known as life-course events. Every life course event has different stages of importance. When it comes to child development, you should take note that each individual grows out of different cognitive and emotional stages. Children who experience neglect and lack of resources might face various development milestones during the course of their life. Other children will experience these same stages at various times in their lives.

Main Stages

The three main cognitive stages in child development are cognitive, expressive and receptive. These three stages are closely associated with each other. Children experience different stages of development in each one of these cognitive stages. Children’s cognitive development is represented by table manners, language development through verbal and written skills, mathematical understanding, logical reasoning, visual/spatial awareness, and memory. Meanwhile, children’s emotional and behavioral development are represented through self-esteem, self-confidence, adaptability, and self-discipline.

The fourth stage of child development is growth and maturation. Children grow and mature through four basic life experiences. These life experiences are childhood innocence, childhood emotions, family environment, and parental support. It has been known that children need the love and companionship of their parents during childhood. In addition, during this stage, children develop their self-pride, self-esteem, and strength.


To be able to give your child the best chances of a healthy and normal childhood development, it is important for you to be aware of all the early childhood development stages. There are so many milestones along the way and you have to know which ones your child is on. You don’t have to worry because each milestone is normal and it means that he is on his way to becoming a healthy adult. However, if your child is not on one of the early childhood development milestones then you should start a program to help your child reach his potential.

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