Every child goes through a developmental phase. Learning and acquiring skills like sitting, walking, talking, skipping, and tying shoes are all part of this process. These skills, known as developmental milestones, are taught to children over a set period of time.
Children gain expertise in the following five areas:
1. Development of the Mind
Cognitive development is a concept that describes the gradual improvements in a child’s thought and comprehension as they progress through pre-school and beyond. Though this cognitive domain experiences some of the most drastic shifts, it is essential to note that the ‘holistic infant’ does not experience development in isolation but rather as a seamless, complementary, and interdependent stream of phases and events. This refers to a child’s desire to learn new information and solve problems. A baby’s evident joy in recognizing its mother is a strong social advance suggesting a healthy social attachment, but identifying others as “non-mothers” often represents a cognitive advance in the ability to classify items, five-year-old learning how to do simple math problems.
2.Social and Emotional Growth
This refers to a child’s desire to communicate with others and self-help and self-control. A six-week-old baby smiling, a ten-month-old baby waving bye-bye, or a five-year-old boy learning how to take turns in school games are examples of this form of growth. This process of learning to live in a family that is also a part of a larger community is an essential aspect of child development studied for many years.
3. Development of Speech and Language
This refers to a child’s ability to comprehend and use words. A 12-month-old baby saying his first words, a two-year-old naming body parts, or a five-year-old learning to say “feet” instead of “feet” are examples of this development.
4. Improvement In Fine Motor Skills
This refers to a child’s ability to pick up small items, carry a spoon, turn pages in a book, or draw with a crayon using small muscles, primarily their hands and fingers.
5. Development of gross motor skills
This refers to the capacity of a child to use big muscles. A six-month-old baby, for example, learns to sit up with assistance, a 12-month-old baby learns to pull up to a stand by holding onto furniture, and a five-year-old learns to skip.
Our child’s genetic makeup, or “genes,” is one factor that influences their growth. This is referred to by others as “nature.” The genetic material we pass on to our children is known as genes..Genes decide whether an infant will have blue or brown eyes, as well as whether he will be left- or right-handed.
The environment is another aspect that affects a child’s growth. This encompasses the interactions children have at home, at school, and in their communities. The genetic blueprint of a child can be improved or harmed by the climate. For example, malnourished children in third-world countries can not achieve their full IQ potential due to the effect of their environment on their brain growth.